Isi Artikel Utama

Agung Pranoto Kadiatmaja

The research is to find out the types of error analysis in students’ sentences and the most dominant types of error analysis in students’ sentences. This research uses qualitative method to look into errors in the second language acquisition and to collect empirical data. This method is applied to get the accurate data collection. The object of the research is students’ practice randomly taken from twelve advanced students of TOEFL Preparation Class – The Mushlih Institute (TMI) Surabaya. In acquiring the result of this error analysis, surface strategy taxonomy is applied to investigate more details. It is limited on the students’ sentences with inverted subjects and verbs error in their practice consisting of four error types. In summary, the types of sentences with inverted subjects and verbs errors produced by the students are (1) omission appearing 49 times or 79,03% of all, (2) addition appearing 9 times or 14,52% of all, (3) misordering appearing 3 times or 4,84% of all, and (4) misformation appearing a time or 1,61% of all. According to the research findings, the most dominant type of sentences with inverted subjects and verbs error is omission.

Kata Kunci: Error Analysis Writing Practice Sentences
Azar, Betty Schrampfer. 1989. Understanding and Using English Grammar Ed.2. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall

Alwasilah, A. Chaedar. (2002). Pokoknya Kualitatif. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Baker, C. (2001). Foundation of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism (3rd ed.). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Berry-Luterman, Lillian, and Asher Bar. The diagnostic significance of sentence repetition for language impaired children.
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorder, vol 36, no 1, pp.29-39

Bitchener, John. 2005. The Extent to Which Classroom Teaching Options and Independent Learning Activities Can Help L2 Researchers Improve the Accuracy of Their Writing. Auckland: Auckland University of Technology

Bogdan, R. C., and Biklen, S. K.. 1982. Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. USA: Allyn Bacon Inc

Bram, B. (1995). Write Well (Improving Writing Skills). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Brandt, Cardine. (2009). Read, Research and Write: Academic Skills for ESL Students in Higher Education. London: Cromwell Press.

Brown, H. Douglas. (1994). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. 3rd edition. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc

Brown, H. D. (2001) Teaching by Principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy (second edition) New York: Longman.

Brown, H.D. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. New York: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M. (Ed.). 2001. Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Croft, Cedric. (1983). Teacher Manual for Spell-Write an Aid to Writing, Spelling and Word Study. New Zealand: Council for Educational Research Wellington.

Davies, P. and Pearse, E. (2002). Success in English Teaching. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.

Dulay, H., Burt, M., Krashen S. (1982). Language Two. Oxford: Oxford University, Inc.

Erdogan, Vacide. (2005) Contribution of error analysis to foreign language teaching. Mersin University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 1(2), 261-270.

Ellis, R. (1997). Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, R. (2008). The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Ferris, D.R. (2002). Treatment of Error in Second Language Student Writing. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Galasso, Joseph. (2002). Analyzing English Grammar: An Introduction to Feature Theory. California State University, Northridge.

Graham, Steve., & Perin, Dolores. (2007). Writing next: Effective strategies to improve writing of adolescents in middle and high school – A report to Carnegie Corporation of New York. Washington DC: Alliance for Excellent Education.

Greenbaum, S & Nelson, G. (2002). An Introduction to English Grammar (Second ed.). Essex: Longman

Halliday, M.A.K. (2002). On Grammar. London: Peking University Press.

Harmer, Jeremy. 2002. The Practice of English Language Teaching 3rd Edition. London: Longman.

Hsieh, H.F., and Shannon, S.E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277-1288.

Iriskulov, A., T. 2006. Theoritical Grammar of English. Uzbek State World Languages University.

James, Carl. 1998. Errors in Language and Use: Exploring Error Analysis. Addison Wesley Longman.

Kadiatmaja, Agung Pranoto. 2021 Error Analysis in Students’ Writing Composition. Jurnal Al Fawaid Vol XI No.1 Maret 2021

Kadiatmaja, Agung Pranoto. 2018 Practical English. Surabaya: The Mushlih Institute Press.

Krashen, S. (1982). Principles and Practices in Second Language Acquisition. Oxford. Pergamon Press.

Langan, J. (2006). English Skill with Reading. England: The McGraw-Hill.

Lee, I. (2004). Error Correction in L2 Secondary Writing Classrooms: The case of Hong Kong. Journal of Second Language
Writing, 13(4), 285-312.

Littlewood, W. (2002). Foreign and Second Language Learning: Language Acquisition Research and Its Implications for the Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lynch, Tony. (2008). Communication in the Language Classroom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lyons, John (Terjemahan I Sutikno). 1995. Pengantar Teori Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

McCaskill, Mary. K. ____ . Grammar, Punctuation, and capitalization: A Handbook for Technical Researchers and Editors. Virgina: Langley Research Center.

Noguchi, R. R. (1991). Grammar and the Teaching of Writing: Limits and Possibilities. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Norrish, J. (1983). Language Learners and Their Errors. London: Macmillan Press.

Palmer, C. Barbara., Hafiner, L. Mary., and Sharp, F. Marylin. 1994. Developing Cultural Literacy Through the Writing
Process. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.

Perveen, U. & Akram, F. (2014). A Comparative Study to know the causes of Spelling Errors Committed by Learners of English at Elementary Level in Distract Kasur and Lahore in Pakistan. European Academic Research, 2(2): 2601-2622.

Philips, Deborah (2001) Longman Complete Course For the TOEFL TEST. Longman Inc. Addison Wesley Longman.

Richard. Jack. (1974). Error Analysis Prospective on Eighth Language Acquisition. London: Longman.

Richards, J. C. & Renandya, W. A. (eds) (2002) Methodology in Language Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, C. Jack. 1987. The Context of Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tannen, Deborah. 2007. Talking voices: Repetition, dialogue, and imagery in conversational discourse. Cambridge University Press.

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. (1988). Pengajar Analisis Kesalahan. Bandung: Angkasa

Taylor, J., R. (1997). An Introduction to Error Analysis: The Study of Uncertaintiesin Physical Measurements 2nd Edition. Colorado: University Science Book.

Thornbury, S. (2004). Natural Grammar: The Keywords of English and How They Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tulloch, Graham. (1990). English Grammar: A Short Guide. University of South
Australia: Flinders Press.

Turbill, Jan., and Bean, Wendy. 2006. Excerpt from Writing Instruction. NewYork: Owen Publisher, Inc.

Ur, P. (1996). A course in language teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Ur, P. (1988) Grammar Practice Activities: a practical guide for teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.