Agung Pranoto Kadiatmaja
Keywords: Error Analysis, Writing, Past Participle.

This research examines past participle errors in students' writing term papers to identify their difficulties. The error analysis is part of an investigation into the English language learning process. The purpose of this research is to identify the types of error analysis and the most dominant types of error analysis in the use of past participles. The qualitative research was carried out to investigate errors in second language acquisition. The research concentrates on qualitative research, collecting empirical data from students' writing through document analysis. The method is used to collect accurate data. The research focuses on eleven undergraduates from the Arabic Department at STAI Ali bin Abi Thalib Surabaya. To obtain the results of this error analysis, the researcher investigates further using surface strategy taxonomy. It is restricted to the students' past participle error, which consists of four error types: omission, addition, misformation, and misordering. At last, after identifying all of the data and analyzing the research findings, it can be summarized that the types of past participle errors produced by the students are: (1) omission, which occurred 10 times, or 66,67% of all; (2) addition, which occurred 4 times, or 26,67% of all; (3) misformation, which occurred once, or 6,66% of all; and (4) misordering error, which did not occur. According to the research findings, the most dominant type of past participle error is omission.

Error Analysis, Writing, Past Participle.

Alwasilah, A. Chaedar. (2002). Pokoknya Kualitatif. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya. Baker, C. (2001). Foundation of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism (3rd ed.). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Adi, Djoko., & Wiryokusumo, Iskandar. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Surabaya:

Ary, Donald. et al. Introduction to Research in Education. 8th Edition. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning, 2010.University Press. Berry-Luterman, Lillian, and Asher Bar. The diagnostic

significance of sentence repetition for language impaired children. Journal of Speech

and Hearing Disorder, vol 36, no 1, pp.29-39

Brown, H. D. (2001) Teaching by Principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy (second edition) New York: Longman.

Davies, P. and Pearse, E. (2002). Success in English Teaching. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.

Dulay, H., Burt, M., Krashen S. (1982). Language Two. Oxford: Oxford University, Inc.

Harmer, Jeremy. 2002. The Practice of English Language Teaching 3rd Edition. London:Longman.

Kadiatmaja, A. P. (2021a). An Analysis Of Students’ Sentences With Inverted Subjects And Verbs Error Found In Tmi’s Toefl Preparation Class. Jurnal Al-Fawa’id : Jurnal Agama Dan Bahasa, 11(2), 67–78.

Kadiatmaja, A. P. (2021b). Error Analysis in Students’ Writing Composition. Jurnal Al-Fawa’id : Jurnal Agama Dan Bahasa, 11(1), 59–71.


Kadiatmaja, A.P. (2018). Practical English-An Integrated Reference Guide. East Java, Indonesia: EDC TMI Press Surabaya.

Krashen, S. (1982). Principles and Practices in Second Language Acquisition. Oxford. Pergamon Press.

Littlewood, W. (2002). Foreign and Second Language Learning: Language

Acquisition Research and Its Implications for the Classroom. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press.

Lynch, Tony. (2008). Communication in the Language Classroom. Oxford: Oxford

University Press.

Lyons, John (Terjemahan I Sutikno). 1995. Pengantar Teori Linguistik. Jakarta:

Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

McCaskill, Mary. K. ____ . Grammar, Punctuation, and capitalization: A Handbook for Technical Researchers and Editors. Virgina: Langley Research Center.

Palmer, C. Barbara., Hafiner, L. Mary., and Sharp, F. Marylin. 1994. Developing

Cultural Literacy Through the Writing Process. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.

Perveen, U. & Akram, F. (2014). A Comparative Analysis to know the causes of Spelling Errors Committed by Learners of English at Elementary Level in Distract Kasur and Lahore in Pakistan. European Academic Research, 2(2): 2601-2622

PRACTICAL ENGLISH -.pdf. (t.t.).

Richard. Jack. (1974). Error Analysis Prospective on Eighth Language Acquisition. London: Longman.

Richards, J. C. & Renandya, W. A. (eds) (2002) Methodology in Language Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, C. Jack. 1987. The Context of Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Walden University LLC (2024) Grammar: Verb Forms: "-ing," Infinitives, and Past Participles. Accessed on 11 February 2024, taken from: